NoŽl  -  NoŽl > Newell  -  Noel  -  Noell  -  Noll  -  Noe

Results   of   the   Y  -  DNA   Project

DNA Chart

The above ancestors are surnamed Noel, Noell or  NoŽl except where the surname is given.

The 12 Marker Chart  above was Created with Phylogenetic Network Analysis by    fluxus-engineering

The length of the connecting lines are proportional to the genetic distance.   See the Haplomaps of Europe
The chart shows that the clan of Benjaman Noel of haplogroup I1 and the R1b1a2 clan of the unknown
 Noel  are genetically  the most distant while those of Solomon Noe and Augustin Noel-Newell are the closest.

The Noel Project Public Web Site At Family Tree DNA

For genealogical proposes there are several areas where the DNA is of importance however this Project is concerned only with the Y sex chromosome which is just one of 46.

The organelles within the cell are called mitochondria (mt-DNA) which is inherited from the mother. The mt-DNA haplotypes are determined the same way as the Y-DNA haplotypes (see below).

The cell nucleus contains a pair of molecules that are held tightly together containing the genetic instructions formed by the four amino acid bases lettered  A, T, C or G (Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine and Guanine) called Deoxyribonucleic acid (di oksi raibe nju klei ik acid - DNA). These are the 46 chromosomes of the genome.

A chromosome is an organized structure of the nuclear DNA. In the human there are the autosomal chromosomes 1 Ė 22 and the  sex chromosomes X and Y.  For the male the Y chromosome is inherited from the father while the female receives her fathers X chromosome. Both receive an X chromosome from their mother. The males have the XY combination while the females have the XX combination.

A Y-DNA haplogroup is defined as all of the male descendants of the single person who first showed a particular single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, pronounced snip) mutation. This is a DNA sequence variation occurring when a single nucleotide ó A, T, C or G ó in the genome differs between members of a biological species or paired chromosomes in an individual.

 Example: All R1b's have a forefather in common. All I's. have a forefather in common but different from that of the R1b group. The different Haplogroups are determined by UEP's ( unique event polymorphisms ) the event that made that one single ancestor mentioned above.

The DYS Markers ( D = DNA, Y = Y-chromosome, S = segment  ) define the Haplotypes that are within a Haplogroup.

DYS followed by a number identifies a short segment of Y-chromosome DNA, also called a Short Tandem Repeat (STR) or a Marker.  These are the numbers that show a close relationship or none at all.





The Different Lines                               Updated:                          17 August 2013

 Haplogroup - T-SNP
      Ancestor       
      Location            DOB 
Descendants
R1b1a2 - P311 Pierre Noe
France
1610
1
R1b1a2 - M269 Cornelius Noel Holland 1623
6
R1b1a2 - M269 Joseph Noel France  1680
7
R1b1a2 - M269 Jean NoŽl Belgium   1687
1
    R1b1a2 - M269 Phillipe Noel Island of Jersey      1740
          1
 R1b1a2 - M269 Abraham Noe
New Jersey, USA    1755
1
I1- M253 Benjamin Noel         Cumberland, VA    1761  5
I2b1 - M223 Joseph Noel
Germany     1765
2
G - M201 John Noe
France      
  1795
1
E1b1b1 - L117  Noll Pennsylvania or Germany  < 1796 2
R1b1a2 - U106 Clement Noel Newfoundland    1804
1
R1b1a2 - P25 James Noel
Kentucky
    1806
1
R1b1a2 - M269 Solomon Noe
Tennessee
    1806
1
R1b1a2 - L21 AugustinNoŽl-Newell Canada
    1830
1
J2 - M67 FranÁois  NoŽl Liege, Belgium     1836
1
R1b1a2 - M269 James Alexander Noel Pennsylvania     1849  
1
R1b1a2 - M269 Napoleon NoŽl
France     1850
1
R1b1a2 - M269 Joseph C Noel Pennsylvania     1856
1
R1b1a2 - L21 Charles E Newell
Maine
   <1890
1
R1b1a2 - M269 Unknown Noel


1
    R1b1a2 - M269 Edward Noel
Pennsylvania
    1894
          1



The DYS numbers for the yDNA are grouped below by the different clans starting with those who have no match in this project.

Also the numbers can be found at Family Tree.    For the yDNA  &  also the mtDNA


The Unmatched Noel/NoŽl Lines


KIT


DYS# >

Ancestor                          
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
4
6
0
Y
GATA
H4
Y
C
A
II
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
CDY

4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
DYF
395
S1
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
DYF
406
S1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

4
6
1
4
6
2
YGAT
AA
10
6
3
5
GGAA
T1
B 07
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
3
5
7
6
Y
GATA
C4


11703
 Joseph C Noel
12
23
15
10
13-17
11
15
10
13
11
29
14
8-9
11
11
25
14
20
31
12-13-16-16



















































 20167
 Francois Noel
12
23
14
10
13-17
11 15
10
13
11
30
15
  8-9
11
11
25
14
20
32
13-13-15-16
10
10
19-22
15
15
17
17
35-38
11
 9









































12208
 Clement Noel  13
22
14
11
11-15
12
12
12
14
13
30
18
  9-9
11
11
25
15
19
29
16-16-17-17
11
11
17-19
16
15
16
17
36-37
12
12
11
 9
15-16
8
10
10
8
10
10
12
23-23
16
10
12
12
15
8
12
24
21
13
12
11
13
11
12
11
12













11498
 Jean NoŽl 13
24
14
11
12-14
12
12
12
13
13
29




























































47105
 Augustin NoŽl-Newell 13
24
14
11
11-14
12
12
12
13
13
29
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
30
15-15-17-17
11
11
19-23
15
16
18
20
37-38
12
13
11
 9
15-16
8
10
11
8
9
10
12
22-23
15
10
12
12
15
8
12
23
20
13
12
11
13
11
11
12
12













77353  James Alexander Noel 12
24
14
11
11-15
12
12
12
13
13
29
17
9-10
12
11
24
15
20
31
15-15-16-17 11
 11
19-23
16
15
20
17
34-36
12
12
11
 9
15-16
8
10
10
8
 11
10
































11521  Napolean NoŽl 13
25 14
10
11-11
12
12
13
13
13
29




























































37373  James Noel 13
25
14
11
11-14
12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
26
15
19
29
14-14-16-16 11
 11
19-23
18
15
17
18
37-39
10
13









































110625  Unknown Noel 13
24
14
11
11-11
12
12
11
14
13
31




























































295259
 Edward Noel
13
24
15
11
11-14
12
13
11
13
13
28
18
10-10
11
11
24
15
19
27
15-15-17-17



















































244509  
 Phillipe Noel 14
25
14
11
11-14
12
12
14
14
13
31
18
 9-10
11
11
24
15
19
28
14-16-17-17
12
   11
19-23
15
13
17
17
35-35
14
12
11
 9
15-16
8
11
10
8
10
10
12
23-23
16
10
12
12
15
8
14
22
19
12
12
11
13
11
11
12
12














A Newell Line


50873
Charles E Newell
13
24
14
11
11-15
12
12
13
13
13
29
17
9-9
11
11
25
15
19
28
16-16-18-18 11
11
19-23
16
15
17
16
38-38
13
12
11
9
15-16
8
10
10
8
12
10

































The Unmatched Noe Lines
47227
 Solomon Noe
13
24
14
11
11-14
12
12
12
13
13
29
17
9-10
11
11
24
15
20
29
15-16-16-17



















































N2382
 Pierre Noe
13
24
15
11
11-14
12
14
13
13
13
28
16
9-10
11
11
24
15
19
29
14-15-16-18
11
13
20-23
15
16
17
17
37-38
12
12









































83310
 Abraham Noe
13
24
15
11
11-14
12
12
13
13
13
28
16
9-9
11
11
24
15
19
29
14-14-15-15



















































173694
 John Noe
14
23
16
10
14-16
11
12
11
12
12
29
16
9-9
11
11
23
15
21
30
12-13-13-14
10
11
20-20
15
13
18
19
33-37
11
10












































The Following are the Clans with matches in this Project.

The Pennsylvania Noll Line


KIT


DYS# >

Ancestor     
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
4
6
0
Y
GATA
H4
Y
C
A
II
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
CDY

4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
DYF
395
S1
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
DYF
406
S1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

4
6
1
4
6
2
YGAT
AA
10
6
3
5
GGAA
T1
B 07
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
3
5
7
6
Y
GATA
C4
13160
George Noll
13
24
13
10
15-19
11
12
11
13
11
30
16
9-9
10
11
26
14
20
32
15-16-16-17
10
11
19-21
17
12
16
18
30-35
11
10







































32899
Henry Noll
13
24
13
10
15-19
11
12
11
13
11
30
16
9-9
10
11
26
14
20
32
15-16-16-17




















































 The Cornelius Noel line of Virginia


KIT


DYS# >

Ancestor         
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

 3
 9
 1
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
II
 
 4
 5
 8
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8

 
4
 9 
4
6
4
4
6
0
Y
GATA
H4
Y
C
A
II

 4
 5
 6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
 

CDY 

4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
DYF
395
S1
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
DYF
406
S1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

4
6
1
4
6
2
YGAT
AA
10
6
3
5
GGAA
T1
B 07
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
3
5
7
6
Y
GATA
C4
                  ** Consensus
13
25
14
12
11-14
12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-14-17-17
12
   11
19-23
18
15
17
18
37-39
10
13
11
9
15-16
8
10
10
8
10
10
12
23-23
16
10
12
12
16
8
12
22
20
13
12
11
13
11
11
12
12
13
11
  13
23
   10
13
12
29
24
18
23
12531
Cornelius
13
25
14
12
11-14
12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-14-17-17
12
11
19-23
18
15
18
18
37-38
10
13

















12


13







13
11
13
23
10
13
12
29 24
18
23
17796
Cornelius 13
25
14
12
11-14 12
12
13
12
13
27


























































N5217
James Edward
13
25
14
12
11-14 12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-14-17-17
















































*SMGF-1
Cornelius 13
25
14
11
11-14 12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-14-17-17 12
11
19-23 18




10
13

















12


13







13
11
13
23
10
13
12
29
24

23
*SMGF-2
Cornelius 13
25
14
12
11-14 12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
28
14-14-17-17 12
11
19-23 17




10
13

















12


13







13
11
13
23
10
13
12
29
24

23
134262
Cornelius 13
25
14
11
11-14 12
12
13
12
13
27
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-14-17-17 12
11
19-23 18
15
17
18
36-39
10
13
11
9
15-16
8
10
10
8
10
10
12
23-23
16
10
12
12
16
8
12
22
20
13
12
11
13
11
11
12
12
13
11
13
23
10
13
12
29
24
18
23
187609
 Wm Edward
13
25
14
12
11-14
12
12
13
12
13
27
16
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-14-17-17
12    11
19-23
18
15
17
18
37-39
10
13








































**  Hypothetical Cornelius by consensus of the repeats in each marker. 
 * SMGF - From the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation Data Base
 
12531 is documented back to Cornelius, the son of James, the son of Cornelius.
17796 is documented back to Eli, the son of  James, the son of Cornelius.           
SMGF-1 is documented back to James, the son James, the son of Cornelius.        
SMGF-2 is documented back to Eli, the son of James, the son of Cornelius.           
134262 is documented back to Cornelius Noell son of James son of Cornelius the emigrant.




 The Benjamin Noel  line of Cumberland, VA


KIT


DYS# >

Ancestor
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
4
6
0
Y
GATA
H4
Y
C
A
II
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
CDY

4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
DYF
395
S1
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
DYF
406
S1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

4
6
1
4
6
2
YGAT
AA
10
6
3
5
GGAA
T1
B 07
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
3
5
7
6
Y
GATA
C4
  ** Consensus 12
23
13
10
14-14
11
14
11
12
11
28
15
8-9
8
11
23
16
20
27
12-14-15-16
11
  10
19-21
14
15
18
22
36-37
13
10
11
8
1515
8
11
10
8
10
10
12
25-??
15
10
12
12
16
8
12
25
20
13
13
11
12
11
11
12
11











11536
Benjamin
12
23
13
10
14-14 11
13
11
12
11
28


























































22598
Benjamin 12
23
13
10
14-14 11
14
11
12
11
28


























































22599
Benjamin 12
23
13
10
14-14 11
14
11
12
11
28


























































97762
Benjamin 12
23
13
10
14-14
11
14
11
12
11
28
15
8-9
8
11
23
16
20
27
12-14-14-16

















































N22112
Hesekiah
12
23
13
10
14-14 11
14
11
12
11
28


























































336787

12
23
13
10
14-14
11
14
11
12
11
28
15
8-9
8
11
23
16
20
28
12-14-15-16 11
  10
19-21
14
15
18
22
36-37
13
10
11
8
15-15
8
11
10
8
 10
10
12
25-26
15
10
12
12
16
8
12
25
20
13
13
11
12
11
11
12
11











579684
Scoville*
12
23
13
10
14-14
11
14
11
12
11
28
15
8-9
8
11
23
16
20
28
12-14-15-16
11
  10
19-21
14
15
18
22
36-37
13
10
11
8
15-15
8
11
10
8
 10
10
12
25-25
15
10
12
12
16
8
12
25
20
13
13
11
12
11
11
12
11











425123
  Joseph
12
23
13
10
14-14
11
14
11
12
11
28
15
8-9
8
11
23
16
20
27
12-14-15-16
11
  10
19-21
14
15
18
21
36-36
13
10







































 
The first four above are documented to Benjamin Noel born about 1761. Benjamin's place of birth is unknown while N22112 is documented to Hesekiah Noel who was born
about 1815 in Kentucky.

 * Scoville Johnson, born in 1890, was most likely the son of Jacob Dudley Noel of of Paris, Illinois.

Members of this line and the Cornelius Noel line of Virgina have been able to separate Benjamin Noel from the Cornelius Noel line by recognizing a "mis-translation" of the will
of Thomas Noel that occurred in 1929 in a book titled "Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records" which listed a brief interpreted list of the children of Thomas Noel that included
in error Benjamin Noel. Jennie Noel Weeks in her compilation that outlined the genealogy of this line titled "The Emigrant Cornelius Noel and His Descendants in America"
has it incorrect as well.  The will of Thomas Noel's wife's (Drusilla Noel Sleet) clearly lists her children, one of which was Littleberry Noel.  The transcriber of the will in error
listed Littleberry as Lette Benj so it's easy to see how it was misinterpreted.

The Will of Benjamin Noel 
-  7 April 1822    -   Joseph L Noell




 The Joseph Noel Line of Pennsylvania


KIT


DYS# >

Ancestor
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1

3
8
5

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8

4
4
4

4
6
4
4
6
0
Y
GA
TA
H4
Y
C
A
II
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0


CDY
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
DYF
395
S1
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
DYF
406
S1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

4
6
1
4
6
2
YGAT
AA
10
6
3
5
GGAA
T1
B 07
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
3
5
7
6
Y
GATA
C4
        *  Consensus
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17
11
11
19-23
15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12
11
9
15-16
8
10
10
8
 10
10
12
23-23
16
10
12
12
15
8
12
23
20
14
12
11
15
11
11
14
12
11
11
13
25
8
13
12
30
24
19
 25
11963
Joseph-1
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17 11
11
19-23 15
13
19
18
35-36
12
12





































19

191478
Joseph-1 13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17 11
11
19-23
15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12







































13213
Abraham
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17 11
11
19-23 15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12





































19

16246
Emmanuel
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17 11
10
19-23 15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12





































19

45707
Joseph S
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17 11
10
19-23 15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12





































19

11453
Joseph-2
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
28
14-15-17-17 11
11
19-23 15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12

















12


14







11
11
13
25
8
13
12
30
24
19
 25
 519986
 Charles
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17
11
11
19-23
15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12
11
9
15-16
8
10
10
8
  10
10
12
23-23
16
10
12
12
15
8
12
23
20
14
12
11
15
11
11
14
12











20142
Marcellus
13
24
14
10
11-14
12
12
13
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29
14-15-17-17 11
11
19-23 15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12





































19

SMGF
Peter **
13
24
14
10
11-15
12
12
12
12
13
28
17
9-10
11
11
25
15
19
29

11
11
19-23 15
13
19
18
36-37
12
12

















12


14







11
11
13
25
8
13
12
30


  25

  The two with documentation in this group are:
  Joseph-1 - John Noel b. 1777 went to Ohio in 1822 or 1823 and was the son of Andrew Noel b. 1754, the son of John Noel b. 1722
                   in Europe, the son of Joseph Noel b. 1680
  Marcellus - He was the son of  Michael Noel, the son of Blasius Noel of Taneytown, MD,  the son of Peter Noel b. 1720
                   in Europe,
the son of Joseph Noel b. 1680.

 
   *  Hypothetical Joseph by consensus of the repeats in each marker. Charles 519986 matches the Consensus on all 67 markers.
*
*    These are the numbers for Anthony J. NOEL, who was born about 1832 in CambriaCo., PA, and are from
 the  Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation data base and provides a 38/39 match to the haplotype of the
 Hypothetical  Joseph from Europe.  Anthony  is documented as the son of Simon Noel, and the grandson of
  Peter Noel who lived in Westmoreland County, PA before going to Cambria County, PA.




The Prussian Noels of Cambria County, PA


KIT


DYS# >

Ancestor
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4

4
6
0
Y
GATA
H4
Y
C
A
II
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
CDY

4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
DYF
395
S1
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
DYF
406
S1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

4
6
1
4
6
2
YGAT
AA
10
6
3
5
GGAA
T1
B 07
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
3
5
7
6
Y
GATA
C4
103985
Joseph
13
23
14
10
15-16
11
12
12
14
12
31
16
8-10
10
11
25
14
20
29
11-14-15-15
12
10
20-21
14
16
20
17
30-37
12
10
11
8
15-16
8
11
10
8
10
9
12
21-23
15
11
12
12
14
9
14
24
21
10
13
12
13
11
12
12
11











167414
Joseph
13
23
14
10
15-16
11
12
12
14
12
31
16
8-10
10
11
25
14
20
29
11-14-15-15 11
10
20-21
14
16
20
17
30-37
12
10









12
21-23
15
11
12
12
14
9
14
24
21
10
13
12
13
11
12
12
11















The fastest "moving" or mutating  DYS Markers are:

DYS 385a, b
DYS 439
DYS 458
DYS 449
DYS 464a, b, c, d
DYS 456
DYS 576
DYS 570
CDYa, b
.

Y-STR mutation rates :   locus-specific mutation rates

DYS#    19    -   0.00143     
DYS#  389I   -   0.00204    DYS# 389II -   0.00323      DYS#   390     -   0.00403
DYS#  391    -   0.00410      DYS#  392    -   0.0034      DYS#  393   -   0.0034        DYS#  385 a\b -   0.00292    



DYS# 19 is also known as 394.

DYS# 389-i is a sub group of of DYS# 389-ii so a mutation in both is considered as just one mutation.

The DYS#'s marked a, b, c, d ect. are duplicates of each other but mutate independently and therefore are unique. DYS# 464 is a complex of 4 identical markers, such that the only way to assign labels to them is to sort by size. "a" will have the smallest number while "d" will have the largest number. Example: 14 15 17 17.  Also in about 1% of the test subjects, more than 4 copies will be present, representing Markers 464e, 464f, 464g, etc.

The 95% chance of a common male ancestor with a match of:
          12/12 = 1,540 years
11/12 = 2,440 years
10/12 = 3,320 years

The Haplogroup using the  YCC nomenclature                       Understanding Haplogroups

Haplogroup: The definition of a Y haplogroup is that all its members of the group are the direct paternal descendants of one single man. Example: All R1b's have a forefather in common. All I's. have a forefather in common but different from that of the R1b group. The different Haplogroups are determined by UEP's  ( unique event polymorphism's ) the event that made that one single ancestor mentioned above. The DYS Markers ( D = DNA, Y = Y-chromosome, S = segment  ) define the Haplotypes that are within the Haplogroup.

The Haplogroups given are the suggested matches with a 92% degree of certainty and are not confirmed. This requires further testing and may not be of interest at this time.  The confirmation requires a Y-DNA SNP test for the clade suggested and will only state yes or no, but with Family Tree DNA the test is repeated until a UEP is found, if possible.


Y-DNA Tree


Re-drawn from "The Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey" by Spencer Wells

The Haplogroups represented in this study:

E3b  -         "Adam"  M42 > M168 > YAP > M96 > M2
K2   -           "Adam"  M42 > M168 > M89 > M9  >  M70
R1b1a2 -  "Adam"  M42 >  M168 > M89 > M9 > M207 > M173 > M343 > M343 > P25 > P297 > M269
I1a  -           "Adam"   M42 > M168 > M89 > M170 > M253
J1   -            "Adam"    M42 > M168 > M89 > M304 > M267
J2   -            "Adam"    M42 > M168 > M89 > M304 > M172

E3b  -  This haplogroup is believed to have evolved in the Middle East. It expanded into the Mediterranean during the Pleistocene Neolithic expansion. It is currently distributed around the Mediterranean, southern Europe, and in north and east Africa. The Y-base haplogroup entries are 4% E3b

I  -  I, I1, and I1a  -  Haplogroup "I" is thought to stem from a group (Gravettian culture) that arrived in Europe from the Middle East about 25,000 to 20,000 years ago. These lineage's are nearly completely restricted to northwestern Europe and  would most likely have been common within Viking populations. However it also occurs frequently in other populations across Europe. The values of Marker 390 suggest a 22 for Anglo Saxon Territory and a 23 for Norse Viking territory, however this has not been confirmed. The Y-base haplogroup entries are 17%  I

J2  -  J2 and all of J* is a general middle eastern signature. Clearly it doesn't mean that your male ancestors definitely arrived in Palestine with Moses, nor even that they were part of the Hebrew or Islamic worlds. In Weale's data on Anglo-Saxons in England, about 1% are J2 , where the tests were on English-grandfathered and surnamed country folks. In northwest Europe it most likely reflects ancestors moving within the Roman Empire, which pulled out of Britain 1,600 years ago or Neolithic farmers. It could also have been merchants at any time.     By Patrick Guinness  The Y-base haplogroup entries are 1% J2

R1b  -  The most common haplogroup in European populations is R1b. These people are thought to be the descendants of the Paleolithic hunter-gatherers who arrived in Europe before the last Ice Age about 40,000 to 35,000 years ago spreading the Aurignacian culture. They were believed to have been driven south by the descending Ice Age, to southwestern France and northwestern Spain where they evolve into the R1b lineage. Then they are believed to have expanded throughout western Europe after the last glacial maximum 12,000 to 10,000 years ago and are found in mostly Spain, Portugal, France, Belgium, Denmark, England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The Y-base haplogroup entries are 68% R1b

The K2 haplotype as given by Spencer Wells is such:

K - "Adam" >  M168 > M89 > M9

The M9 mutation first appeared around 40,000 years ago in Iran or south-central Asia. They migrated around their local world until they were blocked by the Hindu Kush, the Tian Shan, and the Himalayas. This area is known as the Pamir Knot located in Tajkistan. Here they split into different groups and today represent nearly all North Americans and East Asians including most of the Europeans and and many from India.

K2 - "Adam" >  M168 > M89 > M9 > M70

Those who stayed in the Pamir Knot developed the M70 mutation about 30,000 years ago. This group dispersed across the Mediterranean along the coast of North Africa and Europe. They may have been the Phoenician traders from modern Lebanon.  The highest frequency today is in the Middle east (15%) and in northeastern Africa. They are also found in southern Spain and France.